##### Mathematics Paper 2 Question Paper

### 2016 KCSE 4MCK Joint Exam

#### Mathematics Paper 2

### SECTION I (50 Marks)

**Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided.**

The base and height of a triangle were measured to be 10cm and 4⋅0cm respectively.

Calculate the percentage error in calculating its area.

4 marks

Make y the subject of the formula

3 marks

a) Simplify: express it in the form a + b√c; where a, b, and c are rational numbers. (2 marks)

b) Hence find the values of a, b and c. (1 mark)

3 marks

In the figure below (not drawn to scale), points A, B, C and D lie on the circumference of

the circle and PAQ is a tangent of the circle at A. Given that angles BAQ and ABD are

40° and 30° respectively; and CB = CD;

3 marks

a) A rectangle whose area is 6 square units undergoes a transformation represented by

matrix . Determine the area of its image. (2 marks)

b) A point P undergoes a transformation by matrix M above in (a) and gets mapped onto P′(6,4).

Find the co-ordinates of P. (2 marks)

4 marks

The position of points A and B are a = 4i + 4j – 6k and b = 10i + 4j + 12k respectively.

A point D divides AB in ratio 2:1. Find the magnitude of the position vector of D.

4 marks

An arc of length 24cm subtends an angle of 1⋅6 radians at the center of the circle.

Calculate the area of the circle. (Take π = 3⋅142).

3 marks

Form a quadratic equation whose roots are -1/4 and 2/3 expressing your answer in the

form ax^{2} + bx + c = 0 where a, b, and c are integers.

2 marks

Solve the equation for 0° ≤ x ≤ 180°

-3 Cos (2x + 10)° = 0⋅6

3 marks

a) Expand and simplify the first four terms of the binomial expression (2 – 1/4x)^{6} (2 marks)

b) Use your expansion in (a) above to evaluate (1⋅975)^{6} correct to 2 decimal places. (2 marks)

4 marks

A curve whose gradient function is 3x^{2} – 4x + 5 passes through point (-1, 1). Determine

the equation of the curve.

3 marks

Without using tables or calculator, find the value of x if;

Log(20x + 35) – log2x = 1 + 2log3 (3 marks)

3 marks

The probability of Joyce passing her exams is 2/3. If she fails in her exams, she repeats

and the probability of her passing increases by 10%. Find the probability she will pass her

exams after repeating.

2 marks

Tangent PQ and chords AB and CD intersect at point Q outside the circle in the figure

below. If AB = 5cm, DQ = 4cm and BQ = 6cm;

Determine;

a) The length of chord CD (2 marks)

b) The length of tangent PQ (2 marks)

4 marks

Find the co-ordinates of the center and the diameter of the circle whose equation is

2x^{2} + 2y^{2} + 16x -4y = -2

3 marks

A right pyramid ABCDV below (not drawn to scale) has a square base ABCD whose AB

= 10cm and its vertex V is such that AV = BV = CV = DV = 13cm

Calculate the angle between planes BCV and ABCD.

2 marks

### SECTION II (50 Marks)

**Answer only five question in this section in the spaces provided.**

The table below shows the income tax rates:

Monthly Income (K£) Rate (%) 1 – 2000 2001 – 4000 4001 – 6000 Above 6000 | Rate (%) 10 15 20 30 |

Mr. Mutua earns a basic salary of Kshs 64, 000 per month. He is entitled to allowances

amounting to Kshs 45,600 per month; and a personal relief of Kshs 1056 per month.

Calculate

a) His total taxable income in K£ p.m (2 marks)

b) The total P.A.Y.E tax he pays in Kshs p.m (8 marks)

10 marks

The figure below shows a scale diagram of a rectangular piece of land ABCD in which

AB = 10cm and AD = 6cm.

a) Using a pair of compasses and a ruler only; construct on the diagram above

i) The locus of a point P equidistant from lines AB and AD (2 marks)

ii) The locus of a point Q such that AQ = 6cm (2 marks)

iii) The locus of a point R such that <ARB = 90° (2 marks)

b) A bore hole H lies inside the piece of land ABCD above such that its nearer to AD than

AB, and AH ≤ 6cm and also angle AHB greater than 90°. Show by shading out the

unwanted regions, and labeling H on the diagram above, the region where the borehole H

lies. (4 marks)

10 marks

A ship sails non stop from port P(20°N, 30°E) northwards to a port Q(45°N, 30°E) then

due west to port R a distance of 4500nm

a) Find the total distance in nautical miles travelled by the ship. (2 marks)

b) Determine the position of port R, to nearest degree. (3 marks)

c) Find the average speed of the ship in knots if it took 8 hours. (2 marks)

d) Determine the local time at R when the ship arrived there if it set off at P at 9:00am

local time. (3 marks)

10 marks

The sketch below shows the graphs of curve y = 4x – x^{2} and line y = x, which intersect at

points O and B

a) Determine the coordinates of points O, A, B and C. (5marks)

b) Use integration to calculate the area of the region enclosed by the curve y = 4x – x2 and

the line y = x (shaded) (5 marks)

10 marks

a) The nth term of a sequence is given by T^{n} = n^{2} –n + 3

Determine:

i) the 10th term of the sequence (1 mark)

ii) the difference between 10th and 25th terms of the sequence (2 marks)

iii) the value of n if T^{n} = 243 (3 marks)

c) In a research station, it was found that the number of bacteria doubles in every one hour.

If the number of bacteria started with 200; how long does it take for the bacteria to lit 1

million. (4 marks)

10 marks

The marks obtained by 10 students in a maths test were; 25,24,22,23,x,26,21,23,22,and 27. The sum of the squares of the marks (Σx^{2}) is 5154.

a) Calculate

i) The value of x (2 marks)

ii) The mean (2 marks)

iii) The standard deviation ` (4 marks)

b) If each mark was increased by 3 and the doubled; determine

i) The new mean (2 marks)

ii) The new standard deviation (2 marks)

10 marks

The volume Vcm^{3} of a solid varies jointly as the square of the radius r cm of its base and

its height h cm. Given that V = 180cm^{3}, when r = 3 cm and h = 10 cm;

a) Determine the value of constant of proportionality (2 marks)

b) Find the diameter of the base when V = 480 cm^{3} and h = 15 cm (3 marks)

c) Calculate the percentage change in volume V when r is increased in ratio 5:4 and h is

decreased by 5%. Correct to 4 significant figures. (5 marks)

10 marks

A tailoring company makes two types of garments A and B. Garment A requires 3 meters

of material to make while B requires 2 meters of material. The company uses not more

than 600 meters of material in making the garments. It must make at most 100 of type A

and at least 80 of type B.

a) By letting the number of type A garments made be x and type B garment made be y; form

four inequalities for the above information. (4 marks)

b) Represent the inequalities in a (a) above in the squared grid provided. (4 marks)

c) If the company makes a profit of Kshs 100 on garment A and 60 on garment B; find the

number of garments of each type that should be made to maximize the profit. Hence

determine the maximum profit. (2 marks)

10 marks