##### Search ### SECTION A (25 Marks)

1.

The diagram below shows a micrometer screw gauge. What is the reading in SI units? 2 marks

2.

Apart from friction, name another factor that reduces efficiency in machines.

1 marks

3.

Diffusion in gases is faster than in liquids; state two reasons why this is so.

2 marks

4.

A tube of radius 9 mm has a constriction of diameter 10mm. Water flows in the tube at 3ms-1.
Determine the velocity of water in the constriction.

3 marks

5.

(a) A student obtained ice at 0o Cfrom a refrigerator and placed it in a beaker on a bench. After 4
minutes, the temperature rose to 4oC. State the changes that would be observed in the water in terms
of;
(i) density (1 mark)
(ii) mass (1 mark)
(ii) volume (1 mark)

3 marks

6.

The diagram below shows a uniform 5m long metal rod of mass 800g. It is suspended by a string
tied at a point 3.5m from one end. Determine the load which should be hung at point X to keep the
plank horizontal. 3 marks

7.

Explain why ice skaters use sharp-edged shoes to slide on ice

2 marks

8.

The diagram below shows a braking system. Why is the master piston, made smaller than the slave piston?

1 marks

9.

A faulty thermometer reads 2oC when dipped in ice at 0oC and 95oC when dipped in steam at
100oC. What would this thermometer read if placed in water at room temperature at 18oC?

3 marks

10.

The figure below shows a machine being used to raise a load. Use the information given in
the figure to answer questions below. Determine the efficiency of the machine.

3 marks

### SECTION B (55 Marks)

11.

A bullet of mass 24g travelling in a horizontal path with a velocity of 450ms-1 strikes a wooden
block of wood of mass 976g resting on a rough horizontal surface. After impact, the bullet and the
block move together for a distance of 7.5m before coming rest.
(a) Name the type of collision which takes place above (1 mark)
(b) What’s the velocity of the two bodies when they start sliding (2marks)
(c) Calculate the force which brings the two bodies to rest (3 marks)

(d) Determine the coefficient of friction between the block and the surface during this motion.
(2 marks)

8 marks

12.

(a) Give reason why a body moving in a circular path with constant speed is said to be
accelerating. (1mk)
(b) A stone of mass 40g is tied to the end of a string 50cm long such that it is 20m above the ground
at its lowest level as shown in the diagram below. It is whirled in a vertical circle at 2rev/s.
(i) If the string breaks at its lowest levelas shown, what is the velocity with which it travels?
(2 mark)

Calculate the maximum tension in the string. (3mks)
(ii) Calculate the maximum tension in the string. (2 mks)
(d) Determine the maximum horizontal distance it travels from the breaking point (2 marks)

10 marks

13.

(a) Give reason why ink is most likely to ooze out of a pen when one is up in an airplane.
(1mark)
(b) The figure below is a simple hydraulic machine used to raise heavy loads. (i) The pressure exerted on the oil by the force applied at A (2marks)
(ii) The load raised at B (2marks)
(iii) Give two properties which make the oil suitable for use in this machine (2marks)
(c) The height of a mountain is 1360m. The barometer reading at the base of the mountain is
74cmHg. Given that the densities of mercury and air are 13,600Kgm-3 and 1.25Kgm-3
respectively, determine the barometer reading at the top of the mountain. (3 marks)

10 marks

14.

(a) State Hooke’s Law (1mark)

(b) The diagram below shows a graph of force against extension for a certain spring. (i) What is the spring constant of the spring? (2 marks)
(ii) What force would cause two such springs placed side by side to stretch by10cm
(3 marks)

6 marks

15.

(a) State Hooke’s Law (1mark)

(b) The diagram below shows a graph of force against extension for a certain spring. (i) What is the spring constant of the spring? (2 marks)
(ii) What force would cause two such springs placed side by side to stretch by10cm
(3 marks)

6 marks

16.

(a) What is meant by specific latent heat of fusion of a substance? (1mk)
(b) In an experiment to determine the specific latent heat of vaporization of water, steam at
100ºC was passed into water contained in a well-lagged copper calorimeter. The following
• Mass of calorimeter = 60g
• mass of water + calorimeter = 145g
• Final mass of calorimeter + water + condensed steam = 156g
• Final temperature of the mixture = 48oC
[Specific heat capacity of water = 4200JKgˉ¹kˉ¹ and specific heat capacity of copper = 390JKgˉ¹kˉ¹]
Determine the;
(i) mass of condensed steam. (1mk)
(ii) The heat gained by the water and calorimeter if the initial temperature of the calorimeter and
water is 20ºC. (3mks)
(iii) Given that Lvis the specific latent heat of vaporization of steam, write an expression for the heat
given out by steam. (1mark)
(iv) Determine the value of Lv above (2mks)

(v) State the assumption made in the above experiment (1 mark)

8 marks

17.

A cork of volume 100cm3 is floating on water. If the density of the cork is 0.25 gcm-3 and that of
water is 1 gcm-1;
(a) Calculate the mass of the cork (2 marks)
(b) Hence, find the upthrust force on the cork (2 marks)
(c) What minimum force is required to immerse the cork completely (2 marks)
(d) What is the effect on the upthrust force in a liquid when the temperature of the liquid is
reduced? (1mark)

8 marks

Back Top