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Geography Paper 2

SECTION A (25 Marks)

Answer all questions in section A

a) Name three types of minerals. (3mks)

b) Name two oil producing countries in Africa. (3mks)

6 marks


a) Distinguish between a forest and forestry. (2mks)

b) State three problems facing the growth of softwood forests in Canada. (3mks)

5 marks


a) List two functions of the central business district. (2mks)

b) State three factors that may lead to rural – urban migration. (3mks)

5 marks


a) List two advantages of using mobile phone in Kenya. (2mks)

b) Identify three types of communication. (3mks)

5 marks


a) State two causes of World climatic changes. (2mks)

b) Give three effects of climate changes on human activities (3mks)

5 marks

SECTION B (75 Marks)

Answer question 6, and any other two questions from section B

The following table shows Kenya’s leading imports by value (Ksh million) for the year 2004. Use the data to answer question (a) Kenya’s leading imports by value (Ksh million)

a) i) Calculate the percentage of the item with the least import bill for 2004. (2mks)

ii) Draw a divided rectangle to show the proportion by percentage of the leading imports for 2004. Use a scale of 1cm represents 10% and width of 2cm. (10mks)

iii) State two advantages of using divided rectangles to represent statistical data. (2mks)

b) i) Name two major commodities that Kenya imports. (2mks)

ii) State three ways in which the Kenyan government is promoting export trade. (3mks)

c) Explain three measures which Kenya government may take to correct her unfavourable balance of trade. (6mks)

25 marks


a) i) Name three methods of land rehabilitation in Kenya. (3mks)

ii) Explain four factors that influenced the establishment of Perkerra irrigation scheme. (8mks)

iii) Name two methods of irrigation used in Kenya. (3mks)

b) i) What is a polder. (2mks)

ii) Name two crops grown in polders. (2mks)

c) Explain four significance of irrigation farming in Kenya. (8mks)

26 marks


a) i) The sketch map below is of Ghana showing cocoa growing areas. Use it to answer question (a).

i) Name the towns marked A, B and C. (3mks)

ii) State four problems facing cocoa farming in Ghana. (4mks)

b) i) Name two districts in Kenyan where maize is grown on large scale. (2mks)

ii) State four physical requirements for maize growing. (4mks)

iii) Explain three problems facing maize growing in Kenya. (6mks) c) Contrast Dairy farming in Kenya and Denmark. (6mks)

25 marks


a) i) Define the term wildlife. (2mks)

ii) Study the map below and answer the following question.

Name the parks marked W,X,Y and Z (4mks)

b) Explain how the following factors influences the distribution of wildlife in East Africa. (6mks)

i) Climate

ii) Drainage

iii) Human activities

c) i) Explain four problems associated with wildlife in Kenya. (8mks)

ii) State five uses of wildlife. (5mks)

25 marks


a) i) Define the term fishing (2mks)

ii) Explain three physical factors that favour fish farming. (6mks)

iii) State three problems that fishing industry face in Japan. (3mks)

b) Explain how the following factors influence fishing in the North West Atlantic fishing grounds.

i) An indented coastline (2mks)

ii) Ocean currents (3mks)

iii) Advanced technology (2mks)

c) Outline four factors that enable Uganda to produce more fish in East Africa. (4mks)

d) State three steps the government of Kenya has taken to improve fishing industry. (3mks)

25 marks

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