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Geography Paper 1

SECTION A: (30 Marks)

(Answer all the questions in this section)

Study the diagram below and answer question (a)

(a) Describe what the diagram indicates in relation to the shape of the earth (2mks)


i) Name one section of the earth’s crust (1mk)

ii) State two sources of information about the interior of the earth (2mks)

5 marks


a) The temperature of Mombasa at altitude 0 meters is 270c. What would the temperature be at town Y whose alititude is 3500m, above the sea level

(Use temperature dropping at 6.50c per 1000m rise) (2mks)

b) State three characteristics of convectional rainfall (3mks)

5 marks


a) List three climatic factors which influence the distribution of vegetation (3mks)

b) State the reason why coniferous forests have the following characteristics

i) Flexible stems (1mk)

ii) Conical shapes (1mk)

5 marks


Identify three processes of the hydrological cycle which occur in the atmosphere. (3mks)

5 marks


a) i) What is an ocean? (2mks)

ii) State two causes of tides (2mks)

b) The diagram below shows features formed by wave erosion at the coast. Name the parts marked E,F and G.

4 marks

SECTION B: (70 Marks)

(Answer question 6 and any two other questions in this section)

.Study the map of Kitale (1: 50,000) provided and answer the questions that follows


i) Identify two types of scales which have been used in the Kitale map. (2mks)

ii) Measure the distance of the road B 10/2 from the junction in grid reference 238 285 to MC call’s Bridge. Give your answer in kilometers (2mks)

iii) Name the pattern of settlement found in grid square 4018 (1mk)


i) Give the approximate location of Kitale municipality by latitude and longitude (2mks)

ii) Identify two districts covered by Kitale map (2mks)

iii) Calculate the area west of river Koitobos and north of northing 16.Give your answer in square kilometers (2mks)

iv) List two methods which have been used to represent relief in the area covered by the map. (2mks)

c) The rectangle below represents the area bounded by north of northing 28 and west of easting 30.

i) Identify the parts labeled P, Q, R, S, T (5mks)

ii) Name one type of vegetation found in the area represented by the rectangle. (1mk)

d) Describe the drainage of the area covered by Kitale map (6mks)

25 marks


a) Define an iceberg (2mks)


i) Draw a well labeled diagram of Roche Montonee (3mks)

ii) State three characterists of drumlins (3mks)

c) Describe the following processes of glacial erosion

i) Abrasion (2mks)
ii) Plucking (2mks)

d) Outline the processes involved in the formation of the following features

i) Pyramidal peak (7mks)

ii) Moraine dammed lake (6mks)

25 marks


a) Name three intrusive features formed by vulcanicity (3mks)

b) Describe the processes involved in the formation of the following features

i) Subsidence caldera (7mks)

ii) Gayser (7mks)

c) What are earthquakes? (2mks)

d) Apart from vulcanicity explain three natural causes of earthquakes. (6mks)

25 marks


a )State two factors which influences the rate of wind erosion. (2mks)

b) Describe three processes of wind transportation. (6mks)

c) Outline how the following features are formed

i)Zeugen (7mks)

ii)Inselberg (6mks)

d) Explain two economic importances of desert landforms to human activities. (4mks)

25 marks



i) Name two regions in Eastern Africa where Karst landscape is found. (2mks)

ii) State three conditions necessary for the formation of Karst landscape. (3mks)

b) Using a well labeled diagram, describe how the following features are formed.

i) A spring where a permeable rock lies above an impermeable rock. (7mks)

ii) Stalactite. (10mks)

c) You intend to carry out a field study in a Karst landscape,

(i) State one objective for the study (1mk)

(ii) State two physical factors you are likely to study which discourage human settlement in the landscape (2mks)

25 marks

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