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Geography Paper 1

SECTION A (25 Marks)


a) State two conditions that favour the formation of fog. (2 marks)

b) Name three other forms of precipitation that are common in Kenya. (3 marks)

5 marks


a) State two reasons why the interior of the earth is still very hot. (2 marks)

b) Give the two layers of the earth’s crust. (2 marks)

4 marks


a) Name two types of river deltas. (2 marks)

b) State four conditions that are necessary for the formation of a river delta. (4 marks)

4 marks


a) Apart from equatorial rain forest name two other types of forests that are found in Africa.

2 marks


a) Differentiate between mass wasting and weathering. (2 marks)

b) Give three main agents of weathering. (3 marks)

5 marks

SECTION B (75 Marks)


Study the map of Kitale (1:50,000) Sheet 75/3 provided and answer the following questions.

a) i) Give the six figure grid reference of the air photo principal point No. 92/KE/13 01 (2 marks)

ii) What is the approximate height of the dam in grid square 2429? (2 marks)

b) i) Calculate the area of Kapolet forest in square kilometres. Show your working.(2 marks)

ii) Apart from the forest give three other types of natural vegetation found in the area covered by the map. (3 marks)

c) i) Identify three methods that have been used to represent relief in the area covered by the map. (3 marks)

ii) Citing evidence from the map give three economic activities carried out in the area covered by the map. (3 marks)

d) i) Describe the relief of the area covered by the map. (3 marks)

ii) Give three features that show that the area covered by the map experiences a wet climate. (3 marks)

e) Draw a rectangle measuring 14 cm by 10 cm to represent the area enclosed by eastings 35
and 42 and northings 12 and 17. (1 mark) On it mark and name the following:

ï‚· Marram road 638 (1 mark)

ï‚· River Naigameget (1 mark)

ï‚· Bridge (1 mark)

25 marks


a) Give three natural causes of earthquakes. (3 marks)

b)i) Name two types of seismic waves. (2 marks)

ii) What is vulcanicity? (2 marks)

c) State two causes of vulcanicity. (2 marks)

d) Giving examples describe how each of the following features are formed:

i. A lava plateau. (4 marks)

ii. Caldera (4 marks)

e) Your class is required to carry out a field study on igneous rocks around your school.

i. Give three sources of information you are likely to refer to before the field study. (3 marks)

ii. State three activities you are likely to carry out during the field study. (3 marks)

iii. State two problems you are likely to encounter during the field study. (2 marks)

25 marks


a)i) What is a river catchment? (2 marks)

ii) Name three types of river erosion. (3 marks)

b) List two characteristics of a flood plain. (4 marks)

c) Describe three processes by which a river transports is load. (6 marks)

d) With the use of a diagram describe each of the following drainage patterns.

i. Dendritic pattern (6 marks)

ii. Parallel pattern (4marks)

25 marks


a)i) Differentiate between aridity and desertification. (2 marks)

ii) Name two types of deserts. (2 marks)

b)i) Explain three reasons why wind is the main agent of erosion in hot deserts.(6marks)

ii) State four factors that influence wind deposition in the desert. (4 marks)

c)i) Give three processes of wind erosion in deserts. (3 marks)

ii) Name three features that form as a result of water action in deserts. (3 marks)

d) Your class is required to carry out a field study on desert features resulting from wind action.

i. State three reasons why you may need to sample parts of the desert. (3 marks)

ii. List two sampling techniques you are likely to use. (2 marks)

25 marks


a)i) The diagram below represent some coastal features. Name the features marked M, N and O. (3marks)

25 marks

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