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Geography Paper 2


a) State two causes of floods (2 mks)

b) Give three measures taken to reduce the distribution caused by floods (2 mks)

4 marks


a) Define the term trade (2 mks)

b) Name three levels of trade (3 mks)

5 marks


a) Name two non renewable sources of energy (2 mks)

b) State three effects of the energy crisis to Kenya (3 mks)

5 marks


a) Define the term forestry (2 mks)

b) Give three effects of forests on the environment (3 mks)

5 marks


a) State two reasons why the Kenyan government is promoting Jua Kali industries (2 mks)

b) State three benefits that Kenyan may get by decentralization industries (3 mks)

5 marks

SECTION B (75 Marks)


The table below shows tea production in Kenyan districts (in’000 of metric tones)

a) (i)Using a radius of 3cm,draw a pie chart to show the production of tea in 2002 (8 mks)

(ii) Give two advantages of using a pie chart to present data (2 mks)

b) Explain three physical conditions that flavor tea farming in Kenya (6 mks)

c)(i) Describe the stages involved in the processing of tea from harvesting to marketing (6 mks)

(ii) State three problems facing tea farming in Kenya

25 marks


a)(i) Name any two inland fishing ground found in Tanzania (2 mks)

(ii) Explain three reasons why fresh water fishing is more developed in Kenya than Marine fishing (6 mks)

b)(i) Define the term fish farming (2 mks)

(ii) State any four reasons why fish farming should be encouraged in Kenya (4 mks)

c) Apart from Japan, name other three nations that carry out fishing in the north west

pacific fishing ground (3 mks)

d) Compare fishing in Kenya and Japan on the following

(i) Distribution of fishing grounds (2 mks)

(ii) Type of fish (2 mks)

(iii)Market for fish (4 mks)

7a) (i)Distinguish between oil palm and palm oil (2 mks)

(ii)Name three oil palm producing areas in Nigeria (3 mks)

b) Give five geographical conditions that favour oil palm cultivation in Nigeria (5 mks)

c) Describe the stages involved in oil palm production from harvesting to marketing (8 mks)

d) Your geography class plans to carry out a field study on problems facing Cocoa farming in Ghana

(i) In what two ways may the class benefit from using content analysis to collect data (2 mks)

(ii) State two follow-up activities that the class may undertake after their study (2 mks)

(iii)Mention three problems facing cocoa farming likely to be identified by the class (3 mks)

25 marks


a) The table below shows the quantity of minerals produced in Kenya in tones between years 2001 and 2005.

Use it to answer questions

(a) (i) and (ii)

i) Calculate the average annual production of soda ash over the 5 year period (2 mks)

ii) Calculate the total mineral production for the year 2003 (1 mk)

b) The diagram below shows shaft mining,

i) 25 marks


(a) (i) Name three methods of land rehabilitation in Kenya. (3 mks)

(ii) Explain four factors that influenced the establishment of Perkerra Irrigation Scheme (8 mks)

(iii) Name three methods of irrigation used in Kenya (3 mks)

b) (i)What is a Polder (1 mk)

(ii) Name two crops grown in Polders (2 mks)

c) Explain four significance of irrigation farming in Kenya (8 mks)

25 marks


a)(i) Give two difference between a national park and a game reserve (2 mks)

(ii) State three physical factors that influence the distribution of Wildlife in East Africa (3 mks)

b) Use the map of Kenya below to answer questions(i) and(ii) that follow

(i) Name the national parks and game reserves marked A,B,C.D (4 mks)

(ii) Explain three problems experienced by the Kenya government in the efforts to conserve wildlife (6 mks)

c)(i) Define the term eco-tourism (2 mks)

(ii) State two benefits of eco-tourism (2 mks)

d) Explain three reasons why Switzerland receives more tourists than in Kenya (6 mks)

25 marks

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